ECHO Factsheet – Mozambique (Last updated 24/06/2021) – Mozambique
In Mozambique, nearly 2 million people are currently facing severe food insecurity due to the security situation, drought and the socio-economic impact of COVID-19. The fragile humanitarian situation in Mozambique’s northern province of Cabo Delgado continues to deteriorate. An escalation in violence has resulted in the internal displacement of more than 700,000 people. It is estimated that at least 1.3 million people are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance and protection in Cabo Delgado and the neighboring provinces of Niassa and Nampula.
What are the needs ?
Mozambique is facing multiple shocks, including the conflict in Cabo Delgado, frequent natural hazards, epidemics and the current impact of COVID-19.
The armed conflict in Cabo Delgado intensified in 2020, with a significant increase in the number and scope of attacks by armed groups and the resulting humanitarian impact.
Extreme weather events, including floods, cyclones and droughts, occur regularly, with increasing frequency and intensity due to climate change. Mozambique has yet to fully recover from the powerful Cyclones Idai and Kenneth, which hit the country in 2019.
The population remains very vulnerable to small-scale but frequent hazards. More recently, Tropical Storm Chalane and Tropical Cyclone Eloise hit central Mozambique in December 2020 and January 2021 respectively, bringing strong winds and heavy rains. In 2021, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimates that 93,000 people are still living internally due to floods and cyclones
Almost 2 million people face severe food insecurity (crisis or emergency levels), including 900,000 in Cabo Delgado. The increase in food insecurity since 2020 is attributed to several factors, including the security situation and armed conflict, drought and the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
How do we help?
In 2021, the EU allocated more than € 17 million in humanitarian aid. The EU supports people affected by the conflict in the north of the country, including internally displaced people and their host communities. Our support includes protection as an essential element; shelter; non-food items; water and sanitation; education in case of emergency; and access to health care.
While the emergency response in the northern part of Mozambique has dramatically increased to become a humanitarian priority in 2021, the EU also maintains its support for improving the disaster preparedness in the countryside. Preparedness and rapid action can reduce the impact of natural hazards and help save lives and property. To this end, the EU supports actions that build the capacities of communities and help local and national disaster management authorities to prepare for and respond to disasters.
Several EU-funded projects are using innovative technologies and approaches, such as drones – used in Idai’s response to Mozambique and Malawi – to map high-risk areas, or text messages to alert communities to dangers imminent and enable communities to provide information to disaster management authorities.
The EU is also supporting disaster preparedness actions in schools through safe learning facilities, training teachers in early warning and teaching children how to stay safe. Building on the lessons learned during the 2019 floods, the European Commission also worked on the strategic pre-positioning of emergency stocks, to facilitate and accelerate the response to natural hazards.
To cope with and mitigate the impact of COVID-19, EU humanitarian aid partners have adapted their programs to provide personal protective equipment, promote basic hygiene such as hand washing and undertake activities awareness raising.
In addition, the European Commission provides 100 million euros in humanitarian aid support the deployment of COVID-19 vaccination campaigns in African countries with critical humanitarian needs and fragile health systems. At least € 8 million of this funding is intended for Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region – of which € 2.5 million will support the deployment of vaccination campaigns in Mozambique.